Chronology of the Jamestowne Period 1606-1700

  Sources for events listed below are Mary Stanard's "Virginia First Century" & William Abbot's "A Virginia Chronology 1585-1783"  
  Year Events Governor  
  1606-1607 1606: Dec.20: Susan Constant, Godspeed, Discovery sail from London    
  1607: Apr. 26: The small fleet enters Chesapeake Bay  
  May 14: Landing at Jamestowne, Building of James Fort Wingfield  
  Rev. Robert Hunt holds communion service among the trees    
  1608 Capt. John Smith is captured and is saved by Pocahontas Radcliffe  
  Jan.2: Capt. Newport's Second Supply arrives with 100 settlers    
  Jan.7: Jamestowne fire almost completely destroys settlement  
  Sept.10: John Smith succeeds John Radcliffe as Governor Smith  
  Capt. Newport's settlers include Mrs. Forrest & Ann Burras, her maid    
  1609 Fleet of 9 ships scatters; Sea Venture wrecked in Bermuda  
  First of scattered fleet of ships arrive in Virginia  
  John Smith returns to England, injured, replaced by Capt. Geo. Percy Percy  
  1610 May 23: Sir Thomas Gates arrives with Sea Venture survivors West  
  Gov. Gates abandons Jamestowne, returns upon meeting West's ship    
  Lord De La Warr arrives with 3 ships, 150 planters  
  1611 Lord De La Warr leaves:  made Sir Geo. Percy Deputy Governor  
  Lt. Gov. Sir Thomas Dale arrives with 300 people & supplies  
  Lt. Gov. Sir Thomas Gates arrives with 280 men, 20 women  
  1612 Dale as Marshall strengthens the forts  
  1613 Pocahontas is captured, held at Jamestowne  
  1614 Gates leaves Virginia; Dale resumes control  
  Apr.5: John Rolfe and Pocahontas marry  
  1615 Relations with Indians improve after Pocahontas marriage  
  1616 Dale & the Rolfes leave for England; Geo. Yeardley in command  
  1617 Capt. Samuel Argall returns to replace Yeardley  
  1618 De La Warr dies on way to Va.; replaced by Yeardley in April Yeardley  
  1619 Dec. 4: Capt. John Woodleefe arrives; ship Margaret has 36 settlers    
  First General Assembly convenes under Yeardley's leadership  
  1620 Sir Edwin Sandys issues patent for Pilgrims who sail to Plymouth  
  Rolfe writes: Dutch ship arrives, sells 20 Negroes to colonists  
  1621 Gov. Sir Francis Wyatt arrives to replace Yeardley Wyatt  
  Sir Francis Wyatt establishes quarterly sessions of court    
  1622 Mar.22: Indians attack and massacre many colonists  
  1623 Virginia & Bermuda receive monopoly on tobacco trade  
  1624 Virginia becomes Crown colony; Va. Company patent overthrown  
  1625 James I dies; Charles I recognizes House of Burgesses  
  1626 Colony constructs palisade from James to York Rivers  
  Wyatt leaves for England; Sir George Yeardley becomes Governor Yeardley  
  1627 Francis West becomes Governor at death of Yeardley West  
  1628 King Charles I authorizes General Assembly which meets in March    
  1629 Capt.Francis West returns to England; replaced by Dr. John Pott Pott  
  Council has 4 members; House of Burgesses has 46    
  Lord Baltimore arrives in Virginia from Newfoundland Harvey  
  1630 Sir John Harvey arrives; Council tries Pott    
  1631 Harvey commissions Basse to invite New Englanders to come to South  
  Henry Fleet takes Indian corn to New England  
  1632 War with Indians continues; great drought makes corn scarce  
  Virginians angry at gift of part of VA (Maryland) to Lord Baltimore  
  1633 General Assembly establishes Middle Plantation (later Williamsburg)  
  1634 Virginia divided into 8 shires: Jas.City, Henrico, Chas.City, Eliz.City,
 Warrosquoyoake (Isle of Wight,1643), Chas.River (York,1643), Warwick River
  Ark & Dove arrive at Point Comfort; VA ships corn to NE  
  1635 Rebellion in Council & Assembly who chose West to replace Harvey West  
  1636 21 ships freighted with tobacco return to London    
  New Norfolk is created from Elizabeth City County  
  1637 Sir John Harvey, Governor, sends mutineers to London for trial Harvey  
  New Norfolk splits into Upper and Lower Norfolk    
  1638 King Charles formally approves General Assembly, orders annual meetings  
  Harvey's enemies cause his commission to be revoked  
  1639 Sir Francis Wyatt arrives to replace Sir John Harvey Wyatt  
  1640 Sir John Harvey loses much wealth, returns to England in ill health    
  1641 Parliament/King conflict brewing in England  
  1642 Sir Wm. Berkeley arrives in VA; armed confrontation, Nottingham, England Berkeley  
  1643 Nansemond dissenters ask for New Eng. ministers who were rejected    
  Lord Baltimore decides Maryland will accept non-conformists  
  1643 Northampton created from Accomack  
  1644 Opechancanough leads Indian massacre of 300-500 colonists  
  County Lieutenants muster men with arms and ammunition  
  Opechancanough is murdered in Jamestowne after capture  
  1645 Chalres I defeated at Nasby; Calvert ousted from Maryland by Claiborne  
  Northumberland is created from Indian land  
  1646 Assembly ratifies treaty with Necatowance, Indian leader  
  1647 Assembly rules non-conformist ministers not eligible for tithes  
  1648 Colony population: 15,000 English, 300 Negroes  
  1649 Charles I is tried, beheaded; VA remains loyal to Crown  
  1650 Berkeley supports Charles II; receives new commission  
  1651 England's Long Parliament passes act forbidding trade with VA  
  Gloucester is formed from York County; Lancaster, from Northumberland  
  1652 Burgesses agree on articles of surrender to Commonwealth of England Bennett  
  General Assembly elects Richard Bennett, Governor    
  1653 Cromwell ignores VA; self-government continues  
  Westmoreland is created from Northumberland County  
  1654 VA continues exchanging tobacco for merchandise with England  
  New Kent is created from York County Berkeley  
  1655 Assembly elects Edward Diggs, Governor Diggs  
  1656 Diggs leaves for England; Samuel Mathews replaces him Mathews  
  Rappahannock is created from Lancaster County    
  1657 Assembly attempts subsidy of alternative crop to tobacco  
  1658 Gov. & Council try and fail to dissolve House of Burgesses  
  1659 Mar. 7: Governor announces death of Cromwell  
  1660 Jan: Gov. Mathews dies  
  Mar. 13: House of Burgesses reaffirms Berkeley as Governor Berkeley  
  May 29: Charles II is restored to throne on his birthday    
   Jul.31: Berkeley receives commission from King Charles II  
  1661 Francis Morryson acting Gov. while Berkeley is in England  
  1662 Assembly expunges old Acts tainted with disloyalty  
    Berkeley returns after 18 months in England  
  1663 Low tobacco prices bring economic woes, prompt insurrection  
  1664 Stafford is created from Westmoreland County  
  1665 Tobacco ship convoy is protected from Dutch warships  
  1666 Bumper crop of tobacco hurts Colony; attempts to curtail production fail  
  1667 Dutch warships sail into James River, burn 6 ships  
  Wet summer & hurricane destroy crops, solve overproduction problems  
  1669 Middlesex is created from Lancaster County  
  John Lederer (German) explores Valley of Virginia  
  1670 Berkeley protects conformity to King's Northern Neck Land Grant  
  1671 Abraham Wood's party explores Shenandoah Valley  
  1672 Colony population: 48,000; 6,000 indentured servants, 2,000 Negroes  
  1673 Burgesses oppose Culpeper and Arlington Grant  
  1675 Indian relations deteriorate; plans begun for war  
  1676 Berkeley declares Nathaniel Bacon a rebel for leading campaign against Indians  
  Bacon burns Jamestown, dies in October  
  1677 Berkeley hangs rebels at Green Spring  
  King's commissioners arrive to investigate insurrection  
  Jeffreys replaces Berkeley who sails to England Jeffreys  
  1678 Jeffreys dies; Chicheley is new Governor Chicheley  
  1679 New Assembly convenes; less focus on Bacon's Rebellion    
  1680 Lord Culpeper arrives; with Assembly enacts King's 1676 pardon Culpeper  
  Assembly meets in yet-unfinished church    
  1681 "Act for Ports": serious hardship for traders shipping tobacco  
  1682 Some inhabitants destroy crops due to falling prices  
  1683 Culpeper returns to England; Nicholas Spencer, Deputy Governor Howard  
  1684 Lord Effingham arrives, conflicts with Burgesses    
  1685 Charles II dies; James II becomes King  
  1686 Effingham complains to Lords of Trade who dissolve Assembly  
  1687 Effingham tells Council of King's Declaration of Liberty of Conscience  
  1688 General Assembly petitions for redress of grievances  
  1689 Effingham returns to England; leaves Nathaniel Bacon, Sr., Acting Gov.  
  William & Mary land in England and accept crown in Feb. 1689  
  1690 Francis Nicholson replaces Bacon as Lt. Governor  
  1691 Burgesses ask Nicholson to send appeals for "schoole and colledge"  
  King & Queen County is created from New Kent County  
  Norfolk & Princess Counties replace Lower Norfolk  
  1692 Sep: Edmund Andros is Gov. ; Nicholson goes to Maryland Andros  
  Gov. & Assembly petition for College of William and Mary    
  Essex & Richmond Counties replace "Old" Rappahannock County  
  1693 James Blair arrives from England with college's charter  
  1694 Andros & Assembly conflict; Assembly dissolved  
  1695 College foundation stone is laid at Middle Plantation  
  1696 Assembly fixes clergy salaries  
  1697 Colony population is estimated at 70,000  
  1698 Francis Nicholson replaces Andros as Governor Nicholson  
  State House at Jamestowne is destroyed by fire    
  1699 Assembly meets at Jamestown, adjourns to Middle Plantation  
  1700 Assembly meets at College of William and Mary  

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