Captain Edmund Scarborough
Twentieth in a series of biographical sketches on Burgesses whose descendants belong to the First Mississippi Company; in honor of the 400th anniversary of the July 30, 1619, meeting of the first representative governmental body in America at the 1617 Church on Jamestown Island.
Captain Edmund Scarburgh (Scarborough) was born in 1584 in North Walsham County, Norfolk, England. The Scarborough family originated in Yorkshire in a town named Scarborough on the North Sea dating back to the Anglo-Saxon period. Captain Scarburgh was graduated from Caius College of Cambridge University, becoming a barrister and later an army captain.
In 1621 he emigrated to the Eastern Shore of Virginia, but did not bring his family to the New World until 1628. He served as the first Justice of Accomack and as a Burgess in the General Assembly in 1629, 1631, and 1632. He died in 1635.
Although Edmund Scarburgh had been well educated in England and became a leader in Virginia politics, his two sons—Charles and Edmund—were perhaps even more successful and better known.
Sir Charles Scarborough returned to England, where he became a mathematician and member of the Royal College of Physicians. He served as the court physician to King Charles II, the Duke of York (later King James II), King William III and Queen Mary II, and Prince George of Denmark.
Colonel Edmund Scarburgh, Captain Scarburgh’s other son, was a very wealthy and powerful leader in Accomack County. He owned thousands of acres of land in Virginia and Maryland, becoming known as the largest individual landholder in the colony at one time. He was called “Conjurer Scarborough,” a name attesting to his power and unscrupulousness.
The spelling of the “Scarborough” name was changed to “Scarburgh” in America.
First Mississippi Company Descendant of Edmund Scarborough: Donna Davis Lane
5/10/2020 10:34:49 am
Re: Captain Edmund Scarborough--Two facts that need to be corrected.The bio states incorrectly that Sir Charles Scarborough 1615-1694 that he return to England is incorrect, he never left England. In addition the statement that Sir Charles was court physician to Prince George of Denmark. The fact is Charles Scarborough II 1653-1699, son of Sir Charles, served as envoy to Prince George of Denmark.
12/21/2020 07:13:02 pm
Hello Mr. Wescott, Do you know if your ancestor Captain Edmund Scarbourgh had a fisherman name Jack enslaved to him in Accomack County? Jack is my ancestor and had common law marriage with Mary Bibbins, an indentured servant.
3/12/2021 01:29:23 pm
Hello Stephanie, just passing through doing some reading and I saw your question and hope that it's okay I briefly looked into it- I found in what appears to be his will there is a man named Jack who he had enslaved. Source (towards the bottom of this page): http://www.esva.net/ghotes/scarb/scarb.htm
1/29/2021 05:37:55 pm
Hi, Would you be familiar with Matthew Scarburgh a London merchant who is listed in a Somerset County, Md. deed from 1681. He md a Hannah Wise whose mother Hannah was a daughter of Col. Edmund. I'm a descendant of the Humphrey Gwyn who was from Gwyn's Island, Va.
4/19/2021 03:13:20 pm
From my research Capt. Edmund is my 10x Great Grandfather via his daughter Hanna and John Wise. Is there any more genealogy details available?
7/10/2021 08:34:49 am
You'll find this website very helpful: http://espl-genealogy.org/milesfiles/site/index.htm
5/25/2022 11:16:46 pm
Colonel John Wise and Hanna Scarburgh are also my Great ....Grands, as are both Edmunds. Did you know Hannah was named after her mother Hannah Butler 1587-1645 ?
Janny A. Scarborough
1/31/2021 07:29:15 pm
I believe I am a descent of Edward Scarborough. My grandfather was Estes Scarborough, My father was William Thomas "Scarborough. I have traced my ancestors back to Scarborough England, using Ancestry.com. But is confusing. I ended with 1172. I love to be able to complete the tree with the correct ancestors. Maybe I can get some help for anyone that is a Scarborough, Thank you
7/25/2022 11:02:22 pm
Janny,I've also found William Scarborough on ancestry with supposed ties to Jamestown but I haven't been able to confirm it.
1/10/2022 07:57:35 am
In 1768 Colonel Edmund Scarbourgh left two enslaved people—Jack and Judy, in his will. Does anyone know what happened to them?
Marilyn Reina Krone
5/6/2022 12:47:41 pm
I am a descendant of Edmund Scarborough (Scarburgh) thru his mistress Anne Toft and her daughter Aracadia. My mother was a geneologist and I have her records but also Miles Files has us connected. I heard his body was moved by friends when he passed so his real burial is unknown but his marker is still on private land in Accomack County.
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